Main Article Content
Introduction: Obesity is the most serious public health problem. Obesity is one of the major modifiable risk factors for the increased intraocular pressure and glaucomatous progression. Hence the study was conducted with the aimed to correlate the body mass index with intraocular pressure among patients attending ophthalmic OPD.
Materials and Methods: Correlational design was employed with 60 samples who matched the inclusion criteria were selected by convenience sampling technique. Demographic variables were collected by using multiple choice questionnaires followed by Height and weight was checked to calculate body mass index. Based on that samples were characterized the level of obesity. Intraocular pressure measured and recorded. The data were tabulated and analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The finding of the study reveals that there is a significant positive correlation between the body mass index and intraocular pressure.
Conclusion: Obesity related glaucomatous progression may be prevented in the initial stage itself by controlling the weight through modification in life style, dietary pattern, exercise, and lipid lowering agents and periodical ophthalmic examination especially measuring the intraocular pressure.
Remington PL, Brwonson RC, Wegner MV, Chronic disease epidemiology and control, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 3rd Edition; 2010.
Zhao D, Cho J, Kim MH, et al. The association of blood pressure and primary open-angle glaucoma: A meta- analysis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014;158:615–627.
Zhao D, Cho J, Kim MH, et al. Diabetes, fasting glucose, and the risk of glaucoma: A meta-analysis. Ophthalmology. 2015; 122:72–78.
Farnaz Siddiqui, Saba Alkhairy, Mazhar-ul-Hassan, Darshan Kumar. Relationship between Body Mass index and intraocular pressure in diabetic and hypertensive adults. Pak J Ophthalmol. 2016;3(1):4-8.
Coleman AL, Kodjebacheva G. Risk factors for glaucoma needing more attention. Open Ophthalmol J. 2009;3:38-42.
Xu L, Li J, Xia C, et al. Anterior chamber depth correlated with anthropometric measurement the Beijing study. Eye (Lond). 2009;23(3):632-634.
Foster PJ, Machin D, Wong TY, Ng TP, Kirwan JF, Johnson GJ, et al. Determinants of intraocular pressure and its association with glaucomatous optic neuropathy in Chinese Singaporeans: The Tanjong Pagar study. Investigative Ophthalmol Visual Sci. 2003;44(9):3885-91.
Resnikoff S, Pascolini D, Mariotti SP, Pokharel GP. Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004. Bull World Health Organ. 2008;86(1):63-70.
Mori K, Ando F, Nomura H, Sato Y, Shimokata H. Relationship between intraocular pressure and obesity in Japan. Int J Epidemiol. 2000;29(4):661-6.
Lee JS, Choi YR, Lee JE, Choi HY, Lee SH, Oum BS. Relationship between intraocular pressure and systemic health parameters in the Korean population. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2002; 16(1):13-9.
Cheung N, Wong TY. Obesity and eye diseases. Surv Ophthalmol. 2007;52(2): 180-95.
Danny Moore, Alon Harris, Darrell WuDunn, Nisha Kheradiya, Brent Siesky. Dysfunctional regulation of ocular blood flow: A risk factor for glaucoma?. Clinical Ophthalmology. 2008;2(4):849–861.
Flammer J, Haefl iger IO, Orgul S, et al. Vascular dysregulation: A principal risk factor for glaucomatous damage? J Glaucoma. 1999;8:212–19
Louisraj S, Thomas PA, Nelson Jesudasan CA. Correlation between body mass index and intraocular pressure: A pilot study. TNOA J Ophthalmic Sci Res. 2018;56:8-11.
Cohen, Eytan, Kramer, Michal, Shochat, Tzippy, Goldberg, Elad, et al. Relationship between body mass index and intraocular pressure in men and women: A population-based study. Journal of Glaucoma. 2016; 25(5):509-513.
Albuquerque, Luciano Lira de, et al. The correlation between body mass index and intraocular pressure in children. Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. 2013;76(1):10-12.
Megan M. Geloneck, Eric L. Crowell, Erik B. Wilson, Alice Z. Chuang, Laura A. Baker, Nicholas P. Bell, Robert M. Feldman. ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract March 2012 Correlation between Body Mass Index and Intraocular Pressure. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14): 5021.
Ajay Kumar, Nikhil Sharma, Anjani Rathee, Nitesh Pradhan. Comparison of body mass index and intraocular pressure. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2019;7(2): 367-371.
Danish Zafar, Rahil Malik, Iftikhar Ahmad, Nuzhat Rahil, Mehfooz Hussain, Nargis Noman. Co-relation between body mass index and intraocular pressure In Adults. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences. 2010;8(1):85-88.