Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology https://www.journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRROP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Ophthalmology’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology en-US Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology Efficacy of Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens in High Myopic Patients-A Case Series Study https://www.journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP/article/view/30119 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Myopia or near sightedness is a very common refractive error seen among children and adults. It is an eye disorder where the light focuses in front of the retina, causing distant objects to be blurred while the near objects appear normal. High myopia can be visually debilitating and affect one’s day to day activities.</p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To analyse the efficacy and visual outcome of using posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens- refractive implantable lens (RIL) for high myopic patients.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary care centre. The study included 50 eyes of 34 patients. The preoperative best corrected visual acuity was compared with their post operative uncorrected visual acuity along with the IOP changes, endothelial cell loss and associated complications. The whole database was recorded and statistically analysed.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of the 50 eyes that were taken for the study,94% of the eyes had uncorrected visual acuity equal to better than preoperative best corrected visual acuity and&nbsp; 34 %of the eyes had a visual acuity of 6/6. The intraocular pressure was less than 20 mmHg postoperatively in all patients. No incidence of cataract was observed in this study.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> It is found that the visual outcome was favourable and satisfactory after RIL implantation.</p> Mridula V. Amarnath ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 16 21 Pattern of Eye Diseases in a Tertiary Hospital in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria https://www.journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP/article/view/30117 <p>The aim of the study was to determine the pattern of eye diseases in patients that attended the eye clinic of a teaching hospital in Osogbo, South-Western Nigeria between March 2018 and February 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A retrospective cross-sectional study of 2420 consecutive new patients that attended the eye clinic between the period was included in the study. Patients’ records as contained in the individual case notes were accessed for relevant information. Data obtained included the age, sex, religion, tribe and diagnoses at first attendance. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21(SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). Descriptive statistics were used in summarizing the data and Pearson’s chi-square statistical method was used to determine statistical significance of association between categorical variables at 5% probability level.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Cataract, refractive errors and glaucoma were the common types of eye diseases seen. Of the refractive errors, females predominate and myopia was the commonest type encountered. Furthermore, myopia was commonest in all age groups. However, in the 10-19 years age group, it occurred at 6 years to 9 years (P= 0.001) Vitreoretinal diseases 111(4.6%) were also encountered, some of which needed to be referred out to other centers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Cataract, refractive errors and glaucoma were the common eye diseases seen in this study. Refractive errors have become more common than glaucoma in this environment. This calls for more intensified efforts in the provision of corrective treatments for refractive errors, cataract surgical outreaches and glaucoma awareness programs. The occurrence of vitreo-retinal diseases in substantial proportions also calls for the availabilty of vitreo-retinal equipment and specialists.</p> C. O. Adeoti A. Akanbi E. A. Abioye- Kuteyi I. O. Akintoye B. E. Egbewale ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-15 2020-07-15 1 8 Treatment of Corneal Vessels: Which Modality is Ideal for an Optimal Result? https://www.journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP/article/view/30118 <p>Corneal neovascularization (NV) is characterized by the invasion of new blood vessels into the cornea from the limbus. It is caused by a disruption of the balance between angiogenic and antiangiogenic factors that preserves corneal transparency.</p> <p>Corneal vessels management has benefited from advances in medical research especially when it comes to the treatment of angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of sub conjunctival injections of anti-VEGF with that of fine needle diathermy in the treatment of corneal vessels, and to compare these results with those obtained following the combination of the two therapeutic. A prospective study was conducted in the ophthalmology department of the university hospital center of Casablanca including 60 patients with corneal vessels that we decided to treat randomly by sub conjunctival injections of anti-angiogenic drugs or by fine needle cauterization&nbsp; a third group of patients was treated by the combination of the two treatments. Our study showed a superiority of the treatment by cauterization compared to the injections of antiangiogenic agents however a better response was observed in the patients having received the two treatments.</p> I. Adnane F. Elalami I. Er- Rachiq A. Mchachi L. Benhmidoune A. Chakib R. Rachid M. Elbelhadji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 9 15